Pennsylvania finished 10th lowest in the size of its state and local government operations, based on their share of the state’s gross domestic product, according to a 24/7 Wall St. analysis.

State and local governments in Pennsylvania have a share of state GDP estimated at $3,833 per capita, the study said. The total GDP per capita in the state is $55,602. 

Employees employed by state and local governments represent 10 percent of the state’s total workforce, the analysis found.

The GDP amount for state and local governments includes social spending, employee salaries, public education programs, water treatment operations and public safety budgets, according to 24/7 Wall St.

Some of the states with the biggest government sectors also require residents to pay higher levels of taxes, the study found. But other states have relatively large governments and low tax rates on individuals because they have natural resources whose extraction can be subject to levies, according to the analysis.

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States With the Smallest Government Sectors

RankStateState, Local Government Share of GDP per CapitaTotal GDP per CapitaState, Local Employees, as a % of Total WorkforceMedian Household Income
1Florida$3,392$43,05210.9%$52,594
2Indiana$3,494$48,73812.3%$54,181
3Tennessee$3,658$47,69512.6%$51,340
4Idaho$3,686$39,84315.1%$52,225
5Arkansas$3,710$38,46715.1%$45,869
6Georgia$3,758$49,66312.9%$56,183
7Kentucky$3,760$41,65914.2%$48,375
8Missouri$3,791$46,06413.0%$53,578
9Arizona$3,795$43,09612.4%$56,581
10Pennsylvania$3,833$55,60210.0%$59,195
11Michigan$3,895$46,85812.5%$54,909
12West Virginia$3,912$39,49517.3%$43,469
13Maine$3,965$42,35613.4%$56,277
14Louisiana$3,991$49,60614.9%$46,145
15Mississippi$4,027$34,02918.6%$43,529
16Utah$4,047$49,74013.8%$68,358
17Nevada$4,065$48,18910.0%$58,003
18Alabama$4,078$40,27916.1%$48,123
19Rhode Island$4,123$50,82710.1%$63,870
20Ohio$4,127$51,45612.5%$54,021
21New Hampshire$4,129$55,74411.8%$73,381
22Montana$4,173$42,17316.1%$53,386
23North Carolina$4,194$47,77814.4%$52,752
24Texas$4,249$58,41713.8%$59,206
25South Dakota$4,253$51,99715.4%$56,521
26Illinois$4,425$59,98012.1%$62,992
27Colorado$4,474$59,05714.2%$69,117
28Virginia$4,485$55,92913.5%$71,535
29Maryland$4,488$60,88613.1%$80,776
30South Carolina$4,557$39,88315.5%$50,570
31Wisconsin$4,580$51,57512.6%$59,305
32Kansas$4,588$52,29716.4%$56,422
33Minnesota$4,589$59,05713.3%$68,388
34Oklahoma$4,680$48,95417.5%$50,051
35Massachusetts$4,885$72,63511.2%$77,385
36New Mexico$4,900$44,18718.3%$46,744
37Vermont$4,928$47,92115.6%$57,513
38Hawaii$4,958$56,88014.1%$77,765
39Oregon$5,046$50,99613.9%$60,212
40Delaware$5,063$66,02313.2%$62,852
41Iowa$5,113$54,10115.2%$58,570
42New Jersey$5,153$62,26313.2%$80,088
43Connecticut$5,162$67,78412.9%$74,168
44North Dakota$5,433$67,30816.8%$61,843
45Nebraska$5,621$58,14115.3%$59,970
46California$5,638$67,69813.6%$71,805
47Washington$5,653$67,24214.6%$70,979
48New York$6,072$73,53114.1%$64,894
49Wyoming$7,415$66,41321.1%$60,434
50Alaska$7,443$70,93619.8%$73,181

Source: 24/7 Wall St.