Large cities and metropolitan areas have long been hubs of economic activity and prosperity in the United States. Large employers that can pay enough to attract top talent from around the country often have operations in places like Austin, Chicago, New York, and San Francisco. As a result, these cities, and many others like them, have a high concentration of high-income residents. But while some American cities stand out for the economic opportunity they offer, many others are notable for the opposite reason.

There are 384 metropolitan areas in the United States, and in dozens of them, incomes are far lower than average, and serious financial hardship is widespread.

The typical household in the Mansfield metro area in Ohio earns $51,158 a year - the 43rd lowest among the 384 U.S. metropolitan areas with available data, and about $18,560 less than the national median household income of $69,717.

Across broad populations, incomes tend to rise with educational attainment, and in the Mansfield area, only 17.4% of adults 25 and older have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 35.0% of all Americans in the same age group.

All data in this story is based on one-year estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2021 American Community Survey.


RankMetro areaMedian household income, 2021 ($)Poverty rate, 2021 (%)Adults with a bachelor's degree, 2021 (%)
1Beckley, WV38,73722.720.4
2Valdosta, GA42,23327.622.3
3Sumter, SC43,21020.322.0
4Morristown, TN43,21319.518.2
5Greenville, NC44,45022.533.6
6McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX44,81829.320.0
7Monroe, LA45,00127.223.9
8Las Cruces, NM45,17819.430.1
9Gadsden, AL45,29816.818.2
10Anniston-Oxford, AL46,52419.819.4
11Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ46,61618.215.1
12Decatur, IL46,80717.619.0
13Pine Bluff, AR46,82615.023.3
14Alexandria, LA47,03219.921.6
15Homosassa Springs, FL47,19716.120.8
16Goldsboro, NC47,59519.920.3
17Dothan, AL47,66519.520.5
18Hot Springs, AR47,69413.423.8
19Farmington, NM47,81926.715.6
20Jonesboro, AR47,93521.028.7
21Brownsville-Harlingen, TX48,11524.720.6
22Shreveport-Bossier City, LA48,16421.425.8
23Sebring-Avon Park, FL48,56413.418.3
24Albany, GA48,65918.723.0
25Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA48,77116.921.9
26Grants Pass, OR48,78516.721.0
27Fort Smith, AR-OK49,06519.620.3
28Danville, IL49,09120.915.9
29Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH49,36216.922.5
30Lawton, OK49,42220.124.3
31Mobile, AL49,69117.922.3
32Florence, SC49,72419.321.4
33Hinesville, GA49,73319.320.8
34College Station-Bryan, TX49,92723.438.1
35Texarkana, TX-AR50,07018.120.9
36Terre Haute, IN50,44018.019.7
37Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH50,45617.322.7
38Muncie, IN50,49718.124.5
39Saginaw, MI50,60621.822.5
40Carbondale-Marion, IL50,95317.128.9
41El Paso, TX51,00220.126.0
42Johnson City, TN51,11915.129.8
43Mansfield, OH51,15812.317.4
44Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA51,19416.625.0
45Cumberland, MD-WV51,44013.522.8
46Lima, OH51,49715.518.5
47Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL51,63917.424.8
48Rocky Mount, NC51,76915.121.2
49El Centro, CA51,80916.413.5
50Laredo, TX51,86722.420.6