Michigan received a grade of A on a scorecard developed by Ball State University to gauge the health of each state’s manufacturing sector.

The university’s Center for Business and Economic Research rated the manufacturing health in Michigan based on several categories. These included logistics industry health (C), human capital (D), worker benefit costs (C), tax burdens (B-) and international trade levels (B).

The Ball University study also examined the percentage of total individual incomes in the state earned by manufacturing employees as well as other measures of manufacturing employment and pay ranges.

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**Grades Earned by Each State’s Manufacturing Industry**

State | Manufacturing Industry Health 2018 to 2019 | Logistics Industry Health 2018 to 2019 | Human Capital 2018 to 2019 | Worker Benefit Costs 2018 to 2019 | Tax Climate 2018 to 2019 | Expected Fiscal Liability 2018 to 2019 | Global Reach 2018 to 2019 | Sector Diversification 2018 to 2019 | Productivity and Innovation 2018 to 2019 |

Alabama | B,B | C,C | F,D- | A,A | C,C | C,C | B,C | B,B | D,D |

Alaska | F,F | C-,C- | C,C | D,D | B,B | D,D | F,F | F,F | F,F |

Arizona | C,C | D,D | D,D- | C+,C | B,B | C,C- | C-,C- | D-,D- | C+,B- |

Arkansas | C+,C | C,C | D,D | A,A | D-,F | C,C | D+,D+ | C,C | F,F |

California | C,C+ | B-,B- | C,C- | C-,D | C-,D+ | C,D- | C,C- | D,F | A,A |

Colorado | D,D | D+,D+ | B-,C+ | B,C | C,C | D+,C | D,D | C,C | C+,C+ |

Connecticut | C,C+ | D,D | B-,C+ | C-,D | D,D- | D-,F | B+,A | D,D | B,B |

Delaware | D,D | D-,F | C+,C | F,F | B-,B- | A,B | A,A | C-,C- | A,B |

Florida | D,D | C,C | C,C+ | C,B | A,A | B,B | D,D | B,B | C,C |

Georgia | D+,C- | B,B | D,D | C,B | C,C | A,A | C,C | A,A | C,C |

Hawaii | F,F | F,F | C,C | D,D- | C+,C | D,D | F,F | D,D | F,F |

Idaho | B,B | D,D | D+,C- | C,C+ | C,C | C+,B | D,D- | F,F | C,C |

Illinois | C+,C+ | A,A | C,B- | C-,D+ | F,D- | F,F | B,B+ | C+,C+ | B-,B- |

Indiana | A,A | A,A | C,C | B-,B | A,A | B-,C+ | A,A | C,C | C,C |

Iowa | A,A | B+,B | A,A | C-,C- | F,F | B,B- | C,C- | C,C- | C-,C- |

Kansas | B+,B+ | B-,C+ | C,C | C,C- | C,C | D-,D | C,B- | C-,C- | C,C |

Kentucky | A,A | A,A | D,D | B-,B- | D+,C- | F,F | A,B+ | C,C | D+,C- |

Louisiana | C,C | B,B | F,F | B,C+ | D+,D+ | C,C | C,C | D,D | D,D+ |

Maine | C-,C- | F,D- | B,B | D-,D | D,C | C,C | D-,F | C,C | D-,D- |

Maryland | D,D | D,D | C,C | C,C | C-,D | C,C+ | F,D | C-,C- | B,B |

Massachusetts | C,C | D,D | B,B | C,C | D,D | C,C | B+,B | D,D+ | A,A |

Michigan | A,A | C,C | D,D | C,C | B,B- | D,C- | B+,B | D,D | A,A |

Minnesota | B-,B- | B,B+ | A,A | A,A | F,D- | C,C+ | C,B- | C,C | B,B |

Mississippi | B+,B+ | C,C | F,F | B,B | C+,C+ | F,D | C,C | A,A | F,F |

Missouri | C,C | C+,C | C,C- | A,B | A,A | B+,B | C,D+ | B,B | C,C |

Montana | D-,D- | C,C- | C+,C | D,C- | A,A | D-,F | D,D | C,C | C-,D |

Nebraska | C-,C- | B,B | A,A | C+,C | C+,C+ | A,A | C-,C | C-,D | D-,D |

Nevada | F,F | D,D | D+,D+ | B+,B+ | C,C | C-.C- | B,C | C,C | D+,C- |

New Hampshire | B-,B | F,F | B+,B+ | D+,C | C,C- | D+,C- | B,B | D+,C- | B,B+ |

New Jersey | C,D+ | C,C+ | C,C | D-,D- | F,F | F,F | C+,C | D-,F | B+,A |

New Mexico | F,F | F,F | F,F | C+,C+ | C,B | C-,D+ | F,F | F,D- | C,C |

New York | F,D- | C,C | C-,C | D,D | F,D- | C,C | D+,C- | B,B | C+,C+ |

North Carolina | C+,C+ | C,C | C,C | C,C | B+,B+ | A,A | B-,C+ | B+,B+ | A,A |

North Dakota | D-,D | B,B | A,A | B,B | B,B | C-,C- | C-,C- | C,C | D,D |

Ohio | B,B | A,A | C-,C | D,C- | C,C | C,C | B-,B | B,B | C,C |

Oklahoma | C-,C | C+,B- | D-,D | C,C | B,B | C+,C+ | F,D | C,C | F,F |

Oregon | B,B- | C-,C- | C-,C- | D+,D+ | C,C | B-,C | C+,C | F,D | A,A |

Pennsylvania | C-,C | B+,A | C,C | C-,D+ | D-,D | D,D- | C-,C | A,B+ | C,C |

Rhode Island | D,D | F,F | C-,C- | D,C- | D,D | C-,D | D,F | B,A | D+,C- |

South Carolina | A,A | C-,C- | D-,F | C,C | C,C- | C-,C | A,A | B+,B | C-,C |

South Dakota | C,C | C,C | B,B+ | B+,B+ | B,B | B,A | D,D | C-,C | D,D |

Tennessee | B,B | C+,C+ | D,D | A,A | C,C | B,B | B,B | B-,B- | C,C |

Texas | C,C | A,A | C-,D+ | B,B- | D,D+ | B+,B+ | A,A | C+,C+ | B-,C+ |

Utah | C,C | C-,C- | B,B | B,A | A,A | A,A | C-,C+ | B-,B | B,B |

Vermont | C,C | D-,D- | B,B | F,F | D,D | C-,C- | C,B | C,C | C,C |

Virginia | D,D- | C-,C | C+,B- | C,C | C,C | C+,B- | D-,D- | A,A | C,C |

Washington | C,C- | C,C | A,A | F,F | C-,C- | B,B | C,C+ | A,A | B,B |

West Virginia | C,C | D+,D+ | F,F | F,F | B,C+ | D,D | C,C | D+,D+ | D,D |

Wisconsin | B,B | B,B | B+,B+ | C,C | C-,C- | A,B+ | C+,C | C+,C+ | C-,C- |

Wyoming | D+,D+ | C,C | B,B | F,F | B+,B+ | C,C | C,C | F,F | C-,D |

*Source: Center for Business and Economic Research at Ball State University *