Florida finished ninth in a ranking of the taxes and fees that states place on gasoline, according to the Washington-based Tax Foundation.

Drivers in the state pay 41.36 cents per gallon in state-imposed taxes and fees as of July 2018, the foundation reports. These levies may include excise taxes, fees related to environmental issues, storage tank levies and general sales taxes.

Only seven states apply sales taxes to gasoline, a practice that effectively layers levies onto one another. The seven states are California, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and New York.

The gas taxes studied do not include an 18.4-cent-per-gallon federal excise levy on gasoline. 

The foundation deems gas taxes a sensible way for states to fund road repairs, maintenance and highway expansion since those who use the public roads the most pay the most via gas taxes. But some states don’t index the taxes for inflation, meaning that revenues generated through the taxes can lag behind state infrastructure needs over time, according to the analysis.

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Which States Impose the Highest Gas Taxes?

StateState Taxes and Fees on Gasoline (Cents per Gallon)Rank (Highest to Lowest)
Pennsylvania58.71
California55.222
Washington49.43
Hawaii47.884
New York45.765
Michigan44.136
Connecticut43.87
Indiana42.98
Florida41.369
Illinois37.3210
New Jersey37.111
Oregon36.7712
West Virginia35.713
North Carolina35.3514
Maryland35.315
Rhode Island3416
Nevada33.7817
Idaho3318
Wisconsin32.919
Montana32.2520
Georgia31.5921
Vermont31.2222
Iowa30.523
Maine30.0124
South Dakota3025
Utah29.4126
Nebraska28.927
Minnesota28.628
Ohio28.0129
Massachusetts26.5430
Tennessee26.431
Kentucky2632
Kansas24.0333
Wyoming2434
New Hampshire23.8335
Delaware2336
North Dakota2336
Virginia22.438
Colorado2239
Arkansas21.840
Alabama20.9141
South Carolina20.7542
Louisiana20.0143
Oklahoma2044
Texas2044
Arizona1946
New Mexico18.8847
Mississippi18.7948
Missouri17.3549
Alaska14.6550

Source: Tax Foundation; American Petroleum Institute